The complexities of building an engine are fairly deep and they begin with the block that’s being used. Engine blocks can be made from different materials, have different displacements, and deck heights. What deck height you go with will change an engine’s characteristics, so knowing what route you want to go is critical in making sure you achieve your horsepower goals.
Deck height is a term that gets thrown around often when discussing engine builds but it might not be familiar to some. The deck height dimension comes from a measurement from the center of the crankshaft main bearing journal to the surface of the block. What this measurement does is lay the cornerstone of the rotating assembly’s foundation.
The deck height itself is important for high-performance engines for several different reasons. Jack McInnis from World Products explains what role deck height plays when building an engine.
“Having the deck height matched to the rotating assembly components offers greater control over the compression ratio and the quench area of the combustion chamber. Whether the desired condition is a zero deck where the piston crown comes flush with the deck at TDC, or if there is an in-the-hole dimension where the piston remains below the deck surface at TDC, both the deck height and the stack up dimension of the rotating assembly must be verified. Obviously, any machining of the deck will have an effect.”
Some blocks from the factory came with different deck heights based on their application. This was common with the Chevrolet big-block engines where the truck blocks were heavier due to the taller deck, but they could use a longer stroke and have more displacement.
World Products adopted the idea of offering different deck height big blocks and they found a way to make it more appealing to racers.
“World offers big blocks in both standard big block Chevy deck heights and ups the ante by also offering 9.850- and 10.250-inch versions. By adding .050-inches to the deck height it allows a bit more room for the piston where every cubic inch is being taken advantage of. For example, in a 632 cubic-inch nitrous engine with a 1.0620-inch pin height, having added material above the pistons top ring groove can mean the difference between failure and success,” McInnis explains.
In some cases, a build might actually benefit from an engine block with a shorter deck height. McInnis explains why you might want to look at all of your options before a block is selected.
“Where displacement is limited by rules, for example, a shorter deck allows the use of shorter connecting rods, reducing the weight of the rotating assembly. The shorter deck also results in reduced weight of the block. An example of this would be using a 9.200-inch deck, a Cleveland deck height for the Ford small-block rather than the standard 9.500-inch Windsor deck height.”
McInnis goes on to add some additional detail to this short deck block application.
“An example where this deck height would help is World’s 9.500-inch deck Merlin IV big-block. There was never a factory OE block made in this configuration. For small big-block engines of 500 cubic-inches or less, it can offer some unique advantages. A big bore, short stroke engine with a shorter rod will accelerate faster and make more power at high RPM. In truck pulling classes where displacement is limited to 470-485 cubic-inches, this combination works very well,” McInnis says.
So, what should you look for when it comes time to select a block and deck height for your build? It comes down to what kind of racing you will be doing and if there will be a power adder in play. Each of these factors will change how you need to configure your engine and its deck height to produce reliable horsepower.
“Cubic-inch limits in specific racing classes can mean certain deck heights may offer an advantage both in weight and in the rotating assembly configuration. If power adders are being employed, a small increase in deck height can be a big advantage. Also, be aware of things like the availability of intake manifolds. For some deck heights, there are few choices, and for some, a custom intake will be the only option,” McInnis explains.
If you want to learn more about deck heights and what World Products has to offer make sure you check out their website right here.